Методические указания позволяют организовать практические занятия по английскому языку для студентов и курсантов 1 курса техникума по перечисленным специальностям. Разработка полностью соответствует Рабочей программе по дисциплине "Иностранный язык" и является частью учебно-методического комплекса.
ФЕДЕРАЛЬНОЕ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОЕ БЮДЖЕТНОЕ ОБРАЗОВАТЕЛЬНОЕ УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ВЫСШЕГО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ
"КЕРЧЕНСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ МОРСКОЙ ТЕХНОЛОГИЧЕСКИЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ"
Цикловая комиссия гуманитарных и социально-экономических дисциплин
для студентов 1 курса специальностей
22.02.06 Сварочное производство
26.02.04 Монтаж и техническое обслуживание судовых механизмов
26.02.05 Эксплуатация судовых энергетических установок
26.02.06 Эксплуатация судового электрооборудования
очной формы обучения
Cоставитель: Сухарева Н.В. преподаватель высшей категории цикловой комиссии гуманитарных и социально-экономических дисциплин ФГБОУ ВО "КГМТУ" СМТ_________
Рецензент: Джапарова Э. К. к.ф.н. доцент, зав. кафедры английской филологии ГБОУ ВО РК КИПУ
Практикум рассмотрен и одобрен на заседании цикловой комиссии гуманитарных
и социально-экономических дисциплин СМТ ФГБОУ ВО "КГМТУ"
протокол № ___ от ___________2018 г.
Зав. цикловой комиссии ____________ Р.В. Попова
Практикум утвержден на заседании методического совета СМТ ФГБОУ ВО "КГМТУ"
протокол № ___ от ___________2018 г.
ФГБОУ ВО "КГМТУ", 2018 г.
Unit 1 English as a World Language ………………………………………………….5
Unit 4 Families and Family Relations …………………………………………. 21
Unit 6 A Student’s Working Day …………………………………………………….38
Unit 7 Hobbies and Leisure Time …………………………………………………. 43
Unit 8 Going about the City …………………………………………………… ……50
Практикум имеет целью предоставить необходимый материал по дисциплине "Иностранный язык" (английский), охватывающий основные программные темы подготовки студентов и курсантов 1 курса специальностей технического профиля очной формы обучения в 1 семестре. Практикум состоит из 10 разделов (Units). Практикум содержит также введение, список литературы и других источников.
В разделы включены разнообразные задания, направленные на развитие основных речевых умений (чтение, говорение и письмо), разработанные на основе как адаптированных, так и аутентичных текстов, содержащих интересный, современный, информативный материал, представляющий интерес для обучаемых.
Тексты снабжены словарями и комментариями. К текстам подобраны и разработаны разноуровневые задания, которые могут быть выполнены студентами и курсантами с разной базовой подготовкой. Предложенные задания имеют репродуктивный, реконструктивный и творческий уровни. Это позволяет осуществлять последовательную, поэтапную работу над темой с постепенным повышением уровня сложности заданий, что даёт возможность осуществлять индивидуальный подход к обучающимся.
Практикум можно использовать не только для организации аудиторных практических занятий, но и для самостоятельного освоения обучаемыми программного материала.
Unit 1 ENGLISH AS A WORLD LANGUAGE
Exercise 1.1 Read the words of the vocabulary. Write them down into your note-books. Guess the main idea of the text
a mother tongue
a foreign language
to trade; trader
to apply for a job
устроиться на работу
Exercise 1.2 Look at the list of proper names below. Read the proper names. Remember the names of some countries and peoples living there. Study the rules of these words forming. Form the words according to the rules
the United States of America
UNO (the United Nations Organization)
Angles and Saxons
Соединённые штаты Америки
ООН (Организация Объединённых наций)
Canada + -(i)an Canadian
New Zealand + -er New Zealander
China + -ese Chinese
Exercise 1.3 Read and translate the international words without a dictionary
Official, history, form, cigar, university, football, telephone, economic problem, political problem, business, pop culture, sport, satellite programmes, delegation.
Exercise 1.4 Read the text below and decide what paragraphs gives information about
Origin of English words from other peoples’ languages
The need for every high skilled specialist to learn English
Older English words which new English words were derived from
The words which were brought to England by travellers
English Language Development
English is spoken practically all over the world. It is spoken as the mother tongue in Great Britain, the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. A lot of people speak English in China, Japan, India, Africa and other countries. It is one of 6 official languages of the UNO (United Nations Organization).
England’s history helps to understand the present condition of English. Many English words were borrowed from the language of Angles and Saxons. Hundreds of French words came into English.These French words didn’t crowd out corresponding Anglo-Saxon words. There exist "act" and "deed", "beautiful" and "pretty", "form" and "shape".
Many new words were brought by traders and travellers. These words came from all parts of the world: "umbrella" from Italian, "skates" — from Datch, "tea" — from Chinese, "cigar" — from Spanish. In the Middle Ages some words came into English directly from Latin, which was the language of the church and from the universities. Some of the today’s English words are derivatives.
One way of creating new words is to put together two or more English words of earlier origin. For example, the words "railway", "football", "newspaper" are made in this way. Many of the new English words — especially new scientific ones — have been made from Latin and Greek words instead of English ones. "Telephone" for instance, was made from Greek words "far" and "talk".
Languages help people to understand each other better, they help them to solve different economic and political problems. Two thousands years ago, Latin was the world’s most important international language. Today this title belongs to English. It’s a global language of travel, business, pop culture, sport and science.
To my mind English is worth studying. There is a proverb: "A new language is a new world". Knowing a foreign language one can not only read the papers, magazines and original books by outstanding writers, but as well watch satellite programmes, travel easily to different parts of the world. Besides, understanding and speaking a foreign language became necessary while applying for a good and well-paid job.
Now I know that it is a must for XXI century professional no matter what job to choose. The world is getting smaller and international connections tighter. A lot of foreign delegations keep coming to our country. Hundreds of joint ventures have appeared almost in every city of our country recently. It’s clear one can’t do without learning this beautiful language.
Exercise 1.5 Find English equivalents for the Russian words and expressions in the text
По всему миру; современное состояние; средние века; церковный язык; сделаны этим способом; понимать друг друга; важнейший международный язык; по-моему; стоит изучать; хорошо оплачиваемый; различные уголки мира; при приёме на работу; долг каждого специалиста; тесные связи; совместные предприятия; нельзя обойтись.
Exercise 1.6 Find synonyms in the both columns
Exercise 1.7 Define the form of the verbs in the sentences. Explain why these forms are used
1. English is spoken practically all over the world. 2. It is one of 6 official languages of the UNO. 3. England’s history helps to understand the present condition of English. 4. Many English words were borrowed from the language of Angles and Saxons. 5. These words came from all parts of the world.6. Many of the new English words have been made from Latin and Greek words. 7. Two thousands years ago, Latin was the world’s most important international language. 8. The world is getting smaller. 9. Hundreds of joint ventures have appeared almost in every city of our country recently.
Exercise 1.8 Revise the rules of Degrees of Comparison forming and fill in the table
The Positive Degree/ Положительная степень
The Comparative Degree/ Cравнительная степень
The Superlative Degree/ Превосходная степень
the most important
Exercise 1.9 Answer the questions
In what countries is English spoken as the mother tongue?
From what languages are some English word borrowed?
Did French words crowd out corresponding Anglo- Saxon ones?
What English words that came from all parts of the world do you know?
Why are there so many words with Latin roots in English language?
What ways of creating new words do you know?
Exercise 1.10 (pre-listening task) Do you know these Proper Names
United Nations Organization — Организация Объединенных Наций
Angles and Saxons — англы и саксы
Great Britain - Великобритания
the United States of America – Соединённые штаты Америки
New Zealand – Новая Зеландия
Exercise 1.11 (while-listening task) Listen to the short information about the English language as the most wide-spread language in the world. Find the corresponding figures and words and expressions in the table. Form true sentences and tell about English.
people speak English as mother tongue
is the vocabulary of the average person in Britain
people speak English
years ago Shakespear was born.
of the world’s scientific literature is in English
people are learning English
people spoke English in the 15 th century
people speak English as a second or foreign language
words were used by W. Shakespeare
Exercise 1.12 Read the English proverbs and match them with their Russian equivalents
Без труда нет плода
No pains, no gains
Терпение и труд всё перетрут
It is never too late to learn
Industriousness is the mother of good luck
Учиться никогда не поздно
Knowledge is power
Век живи, век учись
All things are difficult before they are easy
Меньше слов — больше дела
UNIT 2 MEETING PEOPLE
Exercise 2.1 Read the text and define its character
A – description (описание); b – narration (пересказ); c – report (доклад); d – reasoning (рассуждение); e – memoirs (мемуары)
There is a saying that if you want something to be done well, do it yourself. So, I am following this wise saying and would like to introduce myself.
My first name is Sergey, my family name is Kravenko and my second name is Yurievich.
But in the beginning, I would like to represent my family and parents. Actually my family isn't large. My family consists of my father, mother, sister and cat Boris.
My father's name is Yuri. He is 41 years, but he looks much younger. He is a businessman. My dad is a well-educated and well-read person; he has experiences in many fields. That is why it is always interesting to communicate with him, he usually tells many exciting stories, of course, if he has free time.
And my mother is 37. Her name is Natalia. She is a good-looking, blond woman. She has large green eyes. I admire her character. She is an optimist; she is full of energy and enthusiasm. I really adore her sense of humour. She is a housewife. It takes her much time and power to take care of our home. But I can assure, she copes with her job very well. Besides, both my farther and I help her with the housework. For example, I wash dishes, plates, sometimes go shopping and so on.
I enjoy spending time with my family very much. We often go for walks. I enjoy strolling along streets because my parents usually tell me a lot of interesting details of the history of our city. That is also the reason I'm fond of travelling with my parents. My mother spends much time in the kitchen — she is keen on cooking. We always find out new recipes, try them. When I was a child, my father involved me in stamp collecting. Since that time, stamps and ancient coins have become my hobby. We have a huge collection of stamps and coins. We also are keen on music and everyone who comes to our place praises our numerous collections of CD and DVD disks. It is impossible to name all the things we can do together, so I think I can stop here.
I would like to see my father's parents. But they were gone before my birth. According to my parents' words, they were wonderful and outstanding people. But to my mind, my dad inherited their best features. My parents are remarkable people: kind-hearted, honest, they have moral values and don't break promises. They understand me completely. They allow me almost everything, they always give me good advice and, frankly speaking, I don't know what I will do without them. I am very lucky that I have got such wonderful parents and, of course, I love them very much.
Now, I think, it is time to speak about myself. My name is Sergey, but my friends call me Seriy. I am 15.
I am tall and not bad built. I have an oval face and large green eyes. Speaking about my character, I can say that I'm friendly, kind, generous and honest. I do not like falsehood. I have my own likes and dislikes. I am modest and sometimes shy, but do not advise someone tricking or kidding me. But in spite of all these characters, I can keep secrets; I never let my friends down. I usually say, what I think, that is why people around me often take offence. For me it is very difficult to cope with people who have such features of character as egoism and dishonesty.
Exercise 2.2 Study the new words and write them down into your note-book